Unique, practical knowledge for nurses responsible for daily management of patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes and related conditions.

The effective diagnosis of heart failure

Publication date: Wednesday, 21 October 2015
Contributor(s): Chris Arden

Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome, characterised by symptoms including breathlessness, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance and fluid retention. Signs and
symptoms may be non-specific or difficult to elicit, and some primary healthcare professionals continue to lack confidence in their ability to identify patients with HF.
A systematic approach to history-taking, examination and referral aims to help improve the accuracy of the diagnosis and ensure that HF patients are referred for specialist assessment and receive evidence-based therapies.

Sponsorship information:
Novartis has fully funded this supplement and reviewed the content for compliance and data verification. Final editorial control rests with the authors.
Topics covered:
Category: Editorial
Edition: Volume 8, Number 1, October-November 2015
Print edition page(s): S9-S11
Contributor(s): Chris Arden

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