This article provides an in-depth look at the role of carbohydrates in obesity, impaired glucose regulation and type 2 diabetes. Foods containing carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy diet for both the general population and those with, or at risk of, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However foods and drinks high in ‘free sugars’ should be restricted.
Never a week goes by without carbohydrates hitting the headlines, with heated debates raging over low carb diets for weight loss to sugar as “the new tobacco”. Sorting fact from fiction is hard for health professionals and patients alike. In this article we go behind the headlines to explore the truth about carbohydrates in a healthy diet.
The British Heart Foundation is pressing for a renewed focus on improving the diagnosis and management of familial hypercholesterolaemia, and adoption of a nationwide cascade screening programme for first-degree relatives. The article includes best practice tips for busy primary healthcare professionals.
‘Issues & Answers in Cardiovascular Disease’ is the leading UK cardiovascular conferences for the whole primary care team. Expert presenters and a down-to-earth approach help health professionals translate the latest evidence into daily practice and optimise patient care. Participants also receive 6 hours CPD credits. Read the highlights from the 2016 conference and access presentation slides here.
Claire Bellone, clinical nurse specialist at the Chelsea & Westminster Hospital NHS Trust, gives her personal view on how primary healthcare professionals can work with women with menopausal symptoms and implement the recommendations of the NICE guideline on the diagnosis and management of menopause.
The UK charity Heart Valve Voice has developed the first practical guidance in heart valve disease for primary care. The disease is under-diagnosed and yet is increasing in prevalence as the population ages, so there is a need for primary care to plan an appropriate response.
Commissioning is not so different from seeing patients. As a GP you listen, examine, draw up a diagnosis and plan treatment. In commissioning, the community served by the clinical commissioning group (CCG) is the ‘patient’. When considering the introduction of a new treatment for heart failure (HF) such as sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto), we must consider not only its acquisition costs but also its potential benefits in improving patients' symptoms and reducing expensive hospital admissions.
Sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto), the first angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI), is a recently licensed medication that has been shown to improve outcomes for patients with symptomatic chronic HF with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) compared with current gold-standard treatment with an ACE inhibitor. This article describes the pharmacist’s role in supporting patients receiving sacubitril/valsartan.