Good hydration is essential for health, especially for people who may not feel thirsty because of ageing or illness. Maintaining good levels of hydration can prevent or help in treating low blood pressure, urinary infections and constipation. It's so easy to assess hydration status - this useful guide will help.
Many newer drug classes are available to healthcare professionals for the management of type 2 diabetes. This month’s Back to Basics feature is a useful wallchart showing the targets for oral type 2 diabetes medications in the liver, gut, pancreas, kidney and muscle/adipose tissue.
Bariatric surgery on some obese patients with type 2 diabetes could result in lifetime savings of about £95,000 per patient, mostly due to reduced medication costs, according to data presented at the recent European Obesity Congress in Gothenburg, Sweden.
This article will examine the issues surrounding blood glucose monitoring for people treated with insulin.It will look at the practical skills required for patients to test accurately,the roles of the individual patient and the healthcare professional in successful monitoring,and the equipment required.The aim of the article is to ensure that monitoring justifies the expense and time involved by achieving good glycaemic control.
New data from the EMPA-REG OUTCOME and LEADER trials presented at the recent American Diabetes Association meeting show that the SGLT-2 inhibitor empagliflozin and the GLP-1 receptor analogue liraglutide significantly reduce cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events in high-risk type 2 diabetes patients.
Modern treatments available to people with diabetes enable the 1.3 million living with the condition in England alone to minimise and control its impact on their daily lives like never before. But what happens when a person with diabetes develops intercurrent illness, such as a cold or flu? We review the steps to take to ensure that these patients maintain good glycaemic control throughout the ups and downs of other health challenges.
Fasting during Ramadan means that you have longer gaps between meals than usual. Many people also eat more food in one meal – in particular, more carbohydrate-rich and fatty foods – during this time. If you have diabetes, this may mean that you have large swings in your blood sugar levels during Ramadan. During the day – when you are fasting – your blood sugar is likely to drop. This may make you feel weak, tired and dizzy. This is called hypoglycaemia (which means low sugar) – a period of hypoglycaemia is sometimes called a 'hypo.' People who are sick or whose health may be adversely affected by fasting – such as those with diabetes – do not have to fast during Ramadan. However, some people do decide to observe the fast. This leaflet gives you some tips on how to keep well.
This case study describes the diagnosis and management of 55-year old man with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. He is already receiving treatment for his diabetes but is experiencing burning pain in the soles of his feet, especially at night when lying in bed. He has paresthesia and numbness in toes and his sleep is interrupted because of his condition. He also presents with depression and has a number of diabetic complications and co-morbidities.