A 4-year observational study reveals significant results about the effectiveness of the NHS Health Check. The study reviewed data from 214,295 people in England who attended an NHS Health Check and compared these findings against 1.4 million people who had not yet been offered or taken up their checks.
A study from the United States shows that sleeping problems in women are associated with a significantly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These sleeping disorders included ‘sleeping difficulty’, frequent snoring, sleep duration ≤6 hours, sleep apnoea or rotating shift work.
A new study suggests that women on anticoagulant therapy are able to take hormonal contraception or HRT with no increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) or abnormal uterine bleeding.
Spironolactone is more effective at lowering blood pressure than bisoprolol or doxazosin in people with resistant hypertension, according to results from the PATHWAY-2 study. This summary also includes details from the NICE 2011 hypertension guidelines.
A major study funded by the National Institute for Health Research concludes that more frequent lipid monitoring strategies are cost-effective when compared with other longer interval strategies to guide treatment for prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Results from the ADVANCE trial support the need for intensive efforts to promote smoking cessation in people with diabetes. As well as increased risks to cardiovascular health in all diabetic patients who smoke, women with diabetes who smoke appear to be at a greater risk of coronary events than men.
Professor Mike Kirby examines the evidence for the benefits of the NHS Health Check following a recent editorial casting doubts on the programme. Other emerging evidence suggests that the programme helps to reduce health inequalities and is effective at case finding for major physiological risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes.
Women with diabetes appear to be at a higher risk of developing vascular dementia than men, according to the results of a major systematic review including >2 million people published in Diabetes Care.
The BSH’s 18th annual meeting included a number of exciting presentations from some of the leading experts in heart failure. The report includes an update on some of the key trials that reported during the year.
Despite good evidence that physical activity is effective in preventing health complications, less than half of adults meet the minimum recommendations for physical activity. This article reviews the use and value of high-intensity interval exercise (short bursts of exercise) in different groups to reduce the risk of long-term conditions.